Identity Has Breached The Ecosystem

This whitepaper explores the dual nature of identity in cybersecurity, emphasizing its role in both enhancing system security and contributing to severe breaches. Active Directory (AD) deployments, in particular, have become vulnerable points, targeted by attackers to elevate privileges and facilitate lateral movement through known flaws and misconfigurations.

This also delves into specific vulnerabilities, such as PrintNightmare (CVE-2021-34527), within the Windows Print Spooler service. Unpatched networks remain vulnerable to this remote code execution vulnerability, allowing threat actors, especially ransomware groups, to exploit it during intrusions for deploying malware across victim networks. The existence of other CVEs further underscores the security issues associated with the Windows Print Spooler service. The overall goal is to raise awareness about the potential dangers of Active Directory in the hands of attackers and suggest measures to limit exposure.


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